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  • Directions for individual questions:
    In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below and against each, some words are suggested as options. Identify the one that fits each blank appropriately

After ten years of (1) inflation, prices have spiked 7.5% in the third week of July. This looks scary-after all, Indians had got’ used to prices crawling up by 2%in the last two years, and a 10-year average inflation rate of about 5%-but you shouldn’t worry. This burst of inflation is the result of three factors that have come together unexpectedly, are unlikely to (2) for long and are unlikely to (3) up together again A (4) rise in global oil prices, a monsoon that arrived late and a spike in global metal prices. North Sea crude has crossed $42 per barrel, driven up by low petroleum (5) and soaring demand in the US as war production heats up. Oil markets are also spooked by the (6) of Russian oil supplies falling on the back of the Yukos-Sibneft probe. There’s little that the government can do to (7) users from soaring oil prices-indeed, it shouldn’t, if it wants to (8) efficiency. Higher transport costs have pushed up rates of vegetables and fruits; farm produce could also get affected by rains that arrived too late for kharif sowing. China is (9) up steel and other metals from all over the world to (10) a construction boom ahead of the 2008 Olympics, making metal prices soar all over the world, and sparking inflation in India.

Test Name: Cloze Test-2

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Question 1
Identify the word that fits blank 1.
A
Mere
B
Moderate
C
Retarding
D
Vehement
E
Paltry
Question 1 Explanation:
Retarded and Vehement are directly eliminated because they are totally irrelevant to the topic being discussed. Vehement and paltry are not common usage words hence knowing their meaning is necessary in order to eliminate them. Moderate is the only word that talks about some degree, therefore an apt adjective for inflation.
Question 2
Identify the word that fits blank 2.
A
Obstinate
B
Constitute
C
Persist
D
Repeat
E
Normalize
Question 2 Explanation:
The author is talking about factors that have come up unexpectedly and then uses the word unlikely. The key word is unlikely. It hints us that these conditions aren’t here for long. Keeping this thinking in mind, persist is best suited.
Question 3
Identify the word that fits blank 3.
A
Go
B
Scramble
C
Mount
D
Yield
E
Crop
Question 3 Explanation:
The options are simple. Also, the word immediately succeeding the blank is up. Hence, scramble and yield automatically get eliminated on the grounds of grammar. Crop is the best option out of the remaining choices.
Question 4
Identify the word that fits blank 4.
A
Sustained
B
Suspicious
C
Horrific
D
Erratic
E
Favorable
Question 4 Explanation:
With erratic, we use the word ‘change’, hence eliminated. From the earlier lines, we deduce that the change is not favourable so option (e) is incorrect. Sustained and suspicious are totally irrelevant. So the answer is horrific
Question 5
Identify the word that fits blank 5.
A
Lists
B
Trades
C
Services
D
Inventories
E
Details
Question 5 Explanation:
The main confusion would arise between Trades and Services. But, petroleum is something that’s tangible hence services cannot be used. Trades is the answer.
Question 6
Identify the word that fits blank 6.
A
Prospect
B
Progress
C
Prospect
D
Extent
E
Deposit
Question 6 Explanation:
The best fit in this case is prospect, which means chance in the given case.
Question 7
Identify the word that fits blank 7.
A
Support
B
Ignore
C
Propel
D
Prolong
E
Insulate
Question 7 Explanation:
Reading the sentence we know there should be a sentence that should mean to protect or to safeguard. The only word that satisfies this requirement is Insulate. Hence, the right option is option (e).
Question 8
Identify the word that fits blank 8.
A
Position
B
Promote
C
Process
D
Pass
E
Form
Question 8 Explanation:
The key words are ‘it shouldn’t’. It is there to reverse our thought process. The only word satisfying this thought reversal test without disturbing the meaning is Promote.
Question 9
Identify the word that fits blank 9.
A
Hurrying
B
Passing
C
Pairing
D
Gobbling
E
Throwing
Question 9 Explanation:
All the words make no sense when put in the sentence except Gobbling. All the other words are totally unrelated.
Question 10
Identify the word that fits blank 10.
A
Keep
B
Make
C
Feed
D
Grow
E
Fight
Question 10 Explanation:
A very simple question with easy options. Very evidently, ‘make’ is the correct choice. None of the others are apt.
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