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  • Directions for individual questions:
    In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below and against each, some words are suggested as options. Identify the one that fits each blank appropriately

Recently the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) (1) separate reports on poverty. The World Bank Report (2) its benchmark of extreme poverty by 25 cents from 1 dollar per person per day to 1.25 dollar per person a day. The ADB announced an even (3) benchmark of 1.35 dollar per person a day. These new benchmarks are (4) on surveys in the world’s poorest countries. Experts often like to (5) that poverty has declined because of economic growth in India and China. This is’ wrong and (6). In the past twenty five years the poverty rate in India has (7) by less than one percentage point a year. (8)we use a poverty line of 1 dollar per person per day or 1.25 dollar per person per day makes little (9). The number of poor in India is large. The purpose of these statistics is not to dispute them but to (10) whether the benefits of economic growth are being shared with the poor.

Test Name: Cloze Test-9

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Question 1
Identify the word that fits blank 1.
A
declared
B
Released
C
Print
D
Issue
E
Publish
Question 1 Explanation:
Recently the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) released separate reports on poverty. The reports were released. Declared is a close choice, but released make better sense(because report is a written form of communication), print, issue and publish are present form of verbs. The blank would require a simple past form of verb.
Question 2
Identify the word that fits blank 2.
A
heightened
B
Announced
C
Raised
D
Maintained
E
Notified
Question 2 Explanation:
The World Bank Report raised its benchmark of extreme poverty by 25 cents from $1 per person per day to $1.25 per person a day. A benchmark can be raised and not heightened, announced or notified. It is not maintained here because the raise has been stated as 25 cents.
Question 3
Identify the word that fits blank 3.
A
better
B
Significant
C
Plausible
D
Higher
E
Lower
Question 3 Explanation:
ADB announced an even higher benchmark of $1.35 per person a day. A benchmark is a measured threshold and it cannot be better, significant or plausible. It’s not lower because the world bank has raised its threshold to $1.25, if ADB has a benchmark of $1.35, it has to be higher not lower.
Question 4
Identify the word that fits blank 4.
A
based
B
Collected
C
Inferred
D
Derived
E
Gathered
Question 4 Explanation:
These new benchmarks are based on surveys in the world's poorest countries. The benchmarks cannot be ‘collected on’, ‘inferred on’,’derived on’ or ‘gathered on’. ‘Based on’ fits the blank well. A verb is accompanied with a preposition, which determines its meaning.
Question 5
Identify the word that fits blank 5.
A
Realise
B
Claim
C
Discover
D
Recommend
E
Criticize
Question 5 Explanation:
Experts often like to claim that poverty has declined because of economic growth in India and China. Claim and recommend are two close choices. But because the next statement expresses a denial of this. So, experts have claimed a certain fact, which is wrong as suggested by the next statement.
Question 6
Identify the word that fits blank 6.
A
adverse
B
Opposing
C
Corrupt
D
Rejected
E
Misleading
Question 6 Explanation:
This is wrong and misleading The claim cannot be adverse, opposing, corrupt or rejected. Misleading fits the blank well.
Question 7
Identify the word that fits blank 7.
A
deplete
B
Plunge
C
Declined
D
Weaken
E
Fell
Question 7 Explanation:
In the past twenty five years the poverty rate in India has declined by less than one percentage point a year. Poverty rate is a measurable quantity, so it cannot be depleted, plunged or weakened. Fell is a close choice but declined fits the blank better as it’s a ‘rate’ we are talking about.
Question 8
Identify the word that fits blank 8.
A
Unless
B
Despite
C
Instead
D
Whether
E
Regardless
Question 8 Explanation:
Whether is followed by or, as is the case here. ‘Despite’, ‘instead’, ‘unless’, ‘regardless’ will not be succeeded by ‘or’
Question 9
Identify the word that fits blank 9.
A
difference
B
Effect
C
Contrast
D
Question
E
Option
Question 9 Explanation:
Whether we use a poverty line of $1 per person per day or $1.25 per person per day makes little difference. ‘makes little difference’ means the former and the latter are comparable. So, this phrase will make complete sense here.
Question 10
Identify the word that fits blank 10.
A
acknowledge
B
Suggest
C
Care
D
Inspire
E
Study
Question 10 Explanation:
The purpose of these statistics is not to dispute them but to study whether the benefits of economic growth are being shared with the poor. The purpose cannot be to care or inspire something which is not sure. So, the purpose can be to study whether the benefits of economic growth are being shared with the poor or not.
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