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  • Directions for individual questions:
    In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below and against each, some words are suggested as options. Identify the one that fits each blank appropriately

Decades ago, China (1) the concept of ‘barefoot doctors’. They were community healthcare workers who successfully (2) the health of China’s villages. Following this example, many African, Asian and Latin American countries have started (3)programmes. The largest of such community health efforts is India’s National Rural Health Mission. In (4) over three years, the programme has mobilized over fifty thousand new community health workers, each (5) as ‘Asha’. This is short -for ‘Accredited Social Health Activist’ and translated into Hindi is the word (6) hope.

Today technology companies and foundations are also joining the (7) to support community health workers, Mobile phone companies are (8) these workers with phones and support systems to obtain up to date medical information, call ambulances etc. In the (9) years, ‘community health workers can thus help (10) the spread of many devastating but curable diseases.

Test Name: Cloze Test-10

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Question 1
Identify the word that fits blank 1.
A
gives
B
Researches
C
Introduced
D
Originates
E
Enlightened
Question 1 Explanation:
Decades ago, China introduced the concept of 'barefoot doctors'. A concept can be introduced but not enlightened. The rest of the options have present tense verbs (gives, researches, originates). We need a past tense verb, hence introduced.
Question 2
Identify the word that fits blank 2.
A
improved
B
Entrusted
C
Fought
D
Cured
E
Dealt
Question 2 Explanation:
They were community healthcare workers who successfully improved the health of China's villages. Health of China’s villages cannot be entrusted, fought, cured or dealt. Improved fits it well.
Question 3
Identify the word that fits blank 3.
A
thousands
B
Alike
C
Imitated
D
Similar
E
Naming
Question 3 Explanation:
..Latin American countries have started similar programmes. Following the example, other countries started similar programmes. So, the blank cannot take thousands, alike, imitated or naming.
Question 4
Identify the word that fits blank 4.
A
course
B
Less
C
Approximate
D
Period
E
Just
Question 4 Explanation:
In just over three years, the programme has mobilized over fifty thousand new community health workers. Course would have been succeeded by ‘of’, less by ‘than’, period by ‘of’, approximate would have been approximately. Just makes perfect sense.
Question 5
Identify the word that fits blank 5.
A
referred
B
Known
C
Perceived
D
Explains
E
Called
Question 5 Explanation:
The programme has mobilized over fifty thousand new community health workers, each known as 'Asha'. Referred will be followed by ‘to’, perceived and explains don’t fit well in the context. Called is a close choice, but we aren’t talking about a group. Since we are talking about ‘each member of a group’, known will be the best fit.
Question 6
Identify the word that fits blank 6.
A
denotes
B
Describes
C
For
D
Explains
E
Means
Question 6 Explanation:
This is short -for 'Accredited Social Health Activist' and translated into Hindi is the word for hope. ASHA is a word ‘for’ hope. Denotes, explains, means, describes will not fit in the structure of the sentence.
Question 7
Identify the word that fits blank 7.
A
business
B
Membership
C
Scope
D
Effort
E
Purpose
Question 7 Explanation:
Today technology companies and foundations are also joining the effort to support community health workers. Working to support something cannot be called business or membership. Scope and purpose don’t fit the context well. Here, effort makes complete sense.
Question 8
Identify the word that fits blank 8.
A
provided
B
Buying
C
Equipped
D
Supplied
E
Empowering
Question 8 Explanation:
Mobile phone companies are empowering these workers with phones. Companies cannot provide, buy, equip (equipping would have still made sense) workers with mobiles. Empowering makes a better sense.
Question 9
Identify the word that fits blank 9.
A
coming
B
Next
C
Past
D
Few
E
Previous
Question 9 Explanation:
It talks about the years to come. So next cannot be used for multiple years. Past years or previous years don’t make sense as we are talking about the future. Few will not be preceded by ‘the’. So, coming is a perfect fit.
Question 10
Identify the word that fits blank 10.
A
overlook
B
Curb
C
Protect
D
Enrich
E
Neglect
Question 10 Explanation:
In the coming years, 'community health workers can thus help curb the spread of many devastating but curable diseases. Overlook, protect, enrich, neglect go against the context of the statement. The health workers can help reduce the spread of the disease.
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