• These tests are a check for your learning and are meant to serve as tools for assessment.
  • Directions for individual questionsIn these questions, the sentences have been given in Active/Passive voice. From the given alternatives, select the one which best expresses the given sentence in Passive/Active voice.

Transformation of Sentences: Test-3

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Question 1
We added up the money and found that it was correct.
A
The money was added up and found to be correct.
B
Correct it was found and the money was added up.
C
The money added up by us and it was correctly found.
D
The money added up by us found it was correct.
Question 1 Explanation:
All the sentences other than option (a) are meaningless and absurd in their structure.
Question 2
The Principal has granted to him a scholarship.
A
A scholarship has granted to him by the Principal.
B
He has been granted a scholarship by the Principal.
C
He has granted a scholarship by the Principal.
D
A scholarship was granted to him by the Principal.
Question 2 Explanation:
The present perfect form ‘has + verb’ in active voice gets converted into ‘has been + verb’ in passive voice. Only one option fulfils this criterion.
Question 3
Why haven't they allowed you to go?
A
Why you haven't been allowed to go?
B
Why haven't you been allowed to go?
C
Why were you not allowed to go?
D
Why you were not allowed to go?
Question 3 Explanation:
The present perfect form ‘have/haven’t + verb’ in active voice gets converted into ‘haven’t been + verb’ in passive voice. Also, an indefinite or vague pronoun (such as they, we) which is used in the active voice is avoided in passive. There is no need to put the agent with by. Keeping these conditions in mind, the most appropriate answer is option (b).
Question 4
Cigarette smoking causes two 1 million deaths annually in the industrial states.
A
Cigarette smoking has been causing two million deaths annually in the industrial states.
B
Two million deaths arc caused annually by cigarette smoking in the industrial states.
C
Two million deaths are being caused by cigarette smoking annually in the industrial states.
D
Two million deaths have been caused annually by cigarette smoking in the industrial states.
Question 4 Explanation:
The sentence is neither the case of present perfect or present continuous. So, the options containing ‘been’ and ‘being’ are rejected. The case of simple present applies.
Question 5
Let me do this.
A
Let us do this.
B
This be done by me.
C
Let this be done by me.
D
Let do this.
Question 5 Explanation:
We cannot make ‘me’ ‘us’ on our whims as it would alter the meaning of the sentence, so option (a) is out. The best choice that aptly reflects the conversion of the subject in the active voice to the object of the passive voice is option (b). The other two have trouble in their sentence arrangement and are also incomplete in the meaning when compared to the question sentence.
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