• These tests are a check for your learning and are meant to serve as tools for assessment.
  • Directions for individual questionsIn these questions, the sentences have been given in Active/Passive voice. From the given alternatives, select the one which best expresses the given sentence in Passive/Active voice.

Transformation of Sentences: Test-10

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Question 1
It is being read by us.
A
We are reading it.
B
It will be read by us.
C
We can read it.
D
We have to read it.
Question 1 Explanation:
‘is being’ is used in the conversion of a present perfect sentence. The verb in it is in –ing form. Only one option has that form so that is our correct answer.
Question 2
He had committed a mistake.
A
A mistake had committed by him.
B
A mistake was committed by him.
C
A mistake had been committed by him.
D
A mistake has been committed by him.
Question 2 Explanation:
The sentence is of the past perfect form ‘ had + past participle form of the verb’. Its conversion will be like ‘had + been + past participle form of the verb’. Only option (c) matches to the conversion structure, hence it is the correct answer.
Question 3
Paint the windows.
A
Windows should be painted.
B
Let the windows be painted.
C
Let be the windows painted.
D
Windows are let to be painted.
Question 3 Explanation:
Sentences which express request, order, advice, suggestion, prohibition etc., are called imperative sentences. This seems like an order so it’ll be considered an imperative sentence. Its formation will be like ‘Let + object + be + past participle’. Only one option satisfies this, which is option (a).
Question 4
The students were laughing at the old man.
A
The old man was being laughed at by the students.
B
The old man was laughed at by the students.
C
The old man was being laughed by the students.
D
The old man is laughing at the students.
Question 4 Explanation:
The sentence is of the present continuous form ‘has/have + past participle form of the verb’. Its conversion will be like ‘has/have + being + past participle form of the verb’. Only option (c) matches to the conversion structure, hence it is the correct answer.
Question 5
One cannot expect children to understand these problems.
A
Children cannot be expected to understand these problems.
B
Children to understand these problems cannot be expected.
C
Children cannot be expected to be understood these problems.
D
To understand these problems cannot be expected from children by one.
Question 5 Explanation:
None of the options other than option (a) makes sense grammatically; therefore the basic rule that the meaning should be exactly the same after the conversion is defeated. Option (a) would be chosen.
Question 6
Has someone made all the necessary arrangements ?
A
Has all the necessary arrangements been made by someone?
B
Have the necessary arrangements been all made by someone ?
C
Have all the necessary arrangements been made by someone ?
D
All the necessary arrangements have been made by one?
Question 6 Explanation:
As the given sentence is an Interrogative sentence, in Passive form also, the sentence will be Interrogative. As the subject would become the object in passive form, so arrangements will go with have and not has. Only two use it. The only difference between the two is the placement of ‘all’. It is wrongly placed in option (a) and makes the sentence ambiguous in meaning. Therefore we choose option (c) as our answer choice.
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