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  • Directions for individual questions:
    In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below and against each, some words are suggested as options. Identify the one that fits each blank appropriately

Though much theory has (1) little is really known about the power that lies at the (2) of scientific discoveries. It is true that great scientists and discoverers (3) discovery by employing all the (4) of personality and by fusing feelings, reasons and (5) But, what is the (6) synthesis that joins and (7) these complex parts into scientific invention? A famous scientist of yesteryears had developed one of the (8) and still generally (9) answers to this question. Imaginative (10) he concludes, is a complex process in which the conscious and the unconscious thinking processes jointly operate

Test Name: Cloze Test-3

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Question 1
Identify the word that fits blank 1.
A
Gathered
B
Amassed
C
Collected
D
Especially
E
Accumulated
Question 1 Explanation:
The main problem would arise on choosing between Gathered, Amassed and Accumulated. As ‘much’ is used and keeping in mind the meaning of the sentence, we need a word that means something in very large quantities. Amass is the only right choice on that basis.
Question 2
Identify the word that fits blank 2.
A
Climax
B
Heart
C
Foot
D
Link
E
Helm
Question 2 Explanation:
Climax, Helm and Foot are straightforwardly rejected due to lack of connection with the sentence. The correct answer is this case is heart, which means core in the given context.
Question 3
Identify the word that fits blank 3.
A
Respect
B
Treat
C
Like
D
Construct
E
Appreciate
Question 3 Explanation:
None of the word makes sense other than like. The sentence meaning is diluted if some other word is put. So, the right choice is option (c).
Question 4
Identify the word that fits blank 4.
A
Enlightenment
B
Control
C
Exposure
D
Variation
E
Manifestations
Question 4 Explanation:
Control, Exposure and Variation are totally irrelevant. Knowledge of the exact meaning of the two other words will make us realize that the correct answer is option (a), enlightenment.
Question 5
Identify the word that fits blank 5.
A
Suspicions
B
Invention
C
Formation
D
Outcomes
E
Ambition
Question 5 Explanation:
In the given context, we require a word that showcases what motivates scientists and how do they arrive at their discoveries. Effectively, we require a word that showcases a reason for their discovery. We find such a sentiment in option (e) in the given case.
Question 6
Identify the word that fits blank 6.
A
Scientific
B
Miraculous
C
Generally
D
Reasoned
E
Linking
Question 6 Explanation:
The only word that is appropriate is Scientific. This is so because the other words do not make sense logically with the sentence.
Question 7
Identify the word that fits blank 8.
A
Ravage
B
Merges
C
Arranges
D
Deciphers
E
Overstates
Question 7 Explanation:
After getting to know the meaning of ravage and deciphers, one can easily decipher that the word that needs to come is merges. We also get a hint from ‘..that joins and..’. all the other options except merges do not make sense with it.
Question 8
Identify the word that fits blank 8.
A
Most attractive
B
Simplest
C
Unswerving
D
Best
E
Original
Question 8 Explanation:
This question is solved in conjunction with the next question. Which word would justify the particular answer being talked about here? The scientist needs to provide an answer that is the best, and thus we select option (d).
Question 9
Identify the word that fits blank 9.
A
Suggested
B
Crucial
C
Satisfactory
D
Criticized
E
Concourse
Question 9 Explanation:
The word ‘still’ is the key here. It reflects that the author is trying to point out the fact that even though the answer was given years back, it is still up to the mark. Thus, we select the word satisfactory for this blank.
Question 10
Identify the word that fits blank 10.
A
Prognosis
B
Talent
C
Content
D
Discoveries
E
Invention
Question 10 Explanation:
The best word to fit in the given context is discoveries, which gels well with the general topic of the paragraph.
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