An array of dams in India and their importance

Where does your water come from? Mountains, rivers, reservoirs? What is a reservoir? A reservoir is a human-made lake created by building a dam. Why do we need dams? When you turn on a faucet at home, where does that water come from? Why is there always water coming out? There is always a supply of water because we hold water in reservoirs. To do this, we must build dams.
Why else do we build dams? Dams are important because they provide water for domestic, industry and irrigation purposes. Dams often also provide hydroelectric power production and river navigation. Dams and their reservoirs provide recreation areas for fishing and boating. They help people by reducing or preventing floods. During times of excess water flow, dams store water in the reservoir; then they release water during times of low flow, when natural flows are inadequate to meet water demand. After knowing about so many benefits of dams and reservoirs you must be curious to know about the dams and reservoirs situated in India. Right? So here is the list of dams and reservoirs of India which is very important for exams like  CAT, GMAT, GRE, SBI-PO, IBPS, RBI (Grade B), AFCAT, SSC, FCI, Qualified CASB, CLAT and many more as this is a very common topic from which questions are majorly asked in all these exams.

List of dams and reservoirs in India

Dams In India

Name of DamStateRiver
Nizam Sagar DamTelanganaManjira River
Somasila DamAndhra PradeshPennar River
Srisailam DamAndhra PradeshKrishna River
Singur damTelanganaManjira River
Ukai DamGujaratTapti River
Dharoi DamGujaratSabarmati River
Kadana damGujaratMahi River
Dantiwada DamGujaratBanas River
Pandoh DamHimachal PradeshBeas River
Bhakra Nangal DamHimachal Pradesh and Punjab BorderSutlej River
Nathpa Jhakri DamHimachal PradeshSatluj River
Chamera DamHimachal PradeshRavi River
Baglihar DamJammu and KashmirChenab River
Dumkhar Hydroelectric DamJammu and KashmirIndus River
Uri Hydroelectric DamJammu and KashmirJhelum River
Maithon DamJharkhandBarakar River
Chandil DamJharkhandSwarnarekha River
Panchet DamJharkhandDamodar River
Tunga Bhadra DamKarnatakaTungabhadra River
Linganamakki damKarnatakaSharavathi River
Kadra DamKarnatakaKalinadi River
Alamatti DamKarnatakaKrishna River
Supa DamKarnatakaKalinadi or Kali river
Krishna Raja Sagara DamKarnatakaKaveri River
Harangi DamKarnatakaHarangi River
Narayanpur DamKarnatakaKrishna River
Kodasalli DamKarnatakaKali River
Malampuzha DamKeralaMalampuzha River
Peechi DamKeralaManali River
Idukki DamKeralaPeriyar River
Kundala DamKeralaKundala Lake
Parambikulam DamKeralaParambikulam River
Walayar DamKeralaWalayar River
Mullaperiyar DamKeralaPeriyar River
Neyyar DamKeralaNeyyar River
Rajghat DamUttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh BorderBetwa River
Barna DamMadhya PradeshBarna River
Bargi DamMadhya PradeshNarmada River
Bansagar DamMadhya PradeshSone River
Gandhi Sagar DamMadhya PradeshChambal River
Yeldari DamMaharashtraPurna river
Ujani DamMaharashtraBhima River
Pawna DamMaharashtraMaval River
Mulshi DamMaharashtraMula River
Koyna DamMaharashtraKoyna River
Jayakwadi DamMaharashtraGodavari River
Bhatsa DamMaharashtraBhatsa river
Wilson DamMaharashtraPravara River
Tansa DamMaharashtraTansa river
Panshet DamMaharashtraAmbi River
Mula DamMaharashtraMula river
Kolkewadi DamMaharashtraVashishti River
Girna DamMaharashtraGirana river
Vaitarna DamMaharashtraVaitarna river
Radhanagari DamTelanganaBhogawati River
Lower Manair DamTelanganaManair River
Mid Manair DamTelanganaManair River and SRSP Flood Flow Canal
Upper Manair DamTelanganaManair River and Kudlair River
Khadakwasla DamMaharashtraMutha River
Gangapur DamMaharashtraGodavari river
Jalaput DamAndhra Pradesh and Odisha BorderMachkund River
Indravati DamOdishaIndravati River
Hirakud DamOdishaMahanadi River
Vaigai DamTamil NaduVaigai River
Perunchani DamTamil NaduParalayar River
Mettur DamTamil NaduKaveri River
Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Dam also Rihand damUttar PradeshRihand River
Tehri DamUttarakhandBhagirathi River
Dhauli Ganga DamUttarakhandDhauli Ganga River

Reservoir in India

Dindi ReservoirTelanganaKrishna River
Lower Manair ReservoirTelanganaManair River
Tatipudi Reservoir ProjectAndhra PradeshGosthani River
Gandipalem ReservoirAndhra PradeshManneru River
Himayat Sagar ReservoirTelanganaOsman Sagar
Shriram Sagar ReservoirTelanganaGodavari River
Gobind Sagar ReservoirHimachal PradeshSutlej River
Maharana Pratap Sagar ReservoirHimachal PradeshPong Dam Lake
Ghataprabha ReservoirKarnatakaGhataprabha River
Hemavathi ReservoirKarnatakaHemavati River
Tawa ReservoirMadhya PradeshTawa River
Balimela ReservoirOdishaSileru River
Aliyar ReservoirTamil NaduAliyar River
Chittar ReservoirTamil NaduChittar River
Krishnagiri ReservoirTamil NaduThenpennai River
Manimuthar ReservoirTamil NaduTamirabarani River
Pechiparai ReservoirTamil NaduKodayar River
Shoolagiri Chinnar ReservoirTamil NaduChinnar River
Thunakadavu ReservoirTamil NaduThunacadavu River
Varattu Pallam ReservoirTamil Nadu
Vidur ReservoirTamil Nadu
Amaravathi ReservoirTamil NaduAmaravathi River
Gundar ReservoirTamil NaduBerijam Lake
Kullursandai ReservoirTamil NaduArjuna Nadi
Pambar ReservoirTamil NaduPambar River
Periyar ReservoirTamil NaduPeriyar River
Stanley ReservoirTamil NaduKaveri River
Uppar ReservoirTamil Nadu
Vattamalaikarai Odai ReservoirTamil NaduOdai River
Willingdon ReservoirTamil NaduPeriya Odai River
Bhavanisagar ReservoirTamil NaduBhavani River
Kodaganar ReservoirTamil NaduKodagananar River
Manimukthanadhi ReservoirTamil Nadu
Parambikulam ReservoirTamil NaduParambikulam River
Sholayar ReservoirTamil Nadu
Thirumurthi ReservoirTamil NaduParmabikulam and Aliyar River
Varadamanadhi ReservoirTamil Nadu
Vembakottai ReservoirTamil NaduVaippar River
Manjalar ReservoirTamil Nadu
Salal ProjectJammu and KashmirChenab River
Chutak Hydroelectric ProjectJammu and Kashmir
Indirasagar ProjectMadhya PradeshNarmada River
Narmada Dam ProjectMadhya PradeshNarmada River
Rihand ProjectUttar PradeshRihand River and Son River