Nuclear power plants in India

List of nuclear power plant in India is an important general awareness topic for UPSC, SSC, MBA, Bank PO and other competitive exams. This list includes nuclear power plant in India with their capacity. Every year in UPSC and Bank exams at least one question is asked from Nuclear power plants in India. All important points about Nuclear plants in India have been explained down below in brief. Before you mug up the list let us first understand some important points regarding nuclear power plants in India.

Nuclear Power in India

  • Nuclear power is the fifth -largest source of electricity in India after thermal, hydroelectric and renewable sources of electricity. As of 2016, India has 22 nuclear reactors in operation at seven sites, having an installed capacity of 6780 MW and producing a total of 30,292.91 GWh of electricity. 11 more reactors are under construction to generate an additional 8,100 MW.
  • Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a government-owned corporation of India based in Mumbai which is responsible for the generation of nuclear power for electricity. NPCIL is administered by the Department of Atomic Energy, Govt. of India.
  • Tarapur is the largest nuclear power station in India.

Important news regarding Nuclear power plants in India

  • New Nuclear power plants – The Union Cabinet on May 18, 2017 has cleared the proposal of building of 10 new nuclear power plants to add 7000MW to India’s nuclear power generation capacity. These will be the indigenous 700 MW pressurised heavy water reactors.
  • India and Russia signed deal for two nuclear reactors – India and Russia signed a pact for setting up the last two units of the Kundankulam nuclear power plant with Moscow’s help in Tamil Nadu.

Facts about Nuclear Energy and Nuclear power plants

  • Nuclear energy originates from the splitting of uranium atoms – a process called fission. This generates heat to produce steam, which is used by a turbine generator to generate electricity. Because nuclear power plants do not burn fuel, they do not produce greenhouse gas emissions. With no carbon emissions, it will remain an important clean energy resource for the future.
  • Nuclear power plants operate in 31 countries. Most are in Europe, Northern America, East Asia and South Asia. France has the largest share of electricity generated by nuclear power. China has the fastest growing nuclear power program with 28 new reactors under construction.

List of Nuclear Power Plants in India

S.NoName of the power stationStateOperatorTotal capacity
1.Tarapur Atomic Power StationMaharashtraNPCIL1,400
2.Kakrapar Atomic Power StationGujaratNPCIL440
3.Kudankulam Nuclear Power PlantTamil NaduNPCIL2,000
4.Kaiga Nuclear Power PlantKarnatakaNPCIL880
5.Madras Atomic Power StationTamil NaduNPCIL440
6.Rajasthan Atomic Power StationRajasthanNPCIL1,180
7.Narora Atomic Power StationUttar PradeshNPCIL440

The projects under construction are

S.NoPower StationStateOperatorTotal capacity
1.Rajasthan Unit 7 and 8RajasthanNPCIL1,400
2.Kakrapar Unit 3 and 4GujaratNPCIL1,400
3.Madras (Kalpakkam)Tamil NaduNPCIL500
4.KudankulamTamil NaduNPCIL2,000

The planned projects are:

S.NoPower StationStateOperatorTotal capacity
2.KovvadaAndhra Pradesh6,600
4.BhimpurMadhya PradeshNPCIL2,800
5.Mahi BanswaraRajasthanNPCIL2,800
7.ChutkaMadhya PradeshNPCIL1,400
8.MadrasTamil NaduBHAVINI1,200
10.t.b.d. (was Haripur)West Bengal6,600
11.t.b.d. (was Mithi Virdi)Gujarat6,600