list of root words
What does List of Root Words consists of?
Root Words are the building blocks of a word. Any word can be broken down into smaller roots or other constituents. This method of learning words through a list of root words is effective because it helps you to club words which are related to the same root together and this will be a great help for you to retain these words. English is an amazing language: it has literally borrowed from every language on the planet and build words these assimilations from different languages. The two most common language sources for word roots in English are Greek and Latin. So, in this article we present to you a list of root words which consists the root, its origin, its meaning and the most important part, the words that are made from these roots along with the meaning of those words.

Word Roots Complete List

List of Root Words and Their Meanings

Root WordsGreek/Latin RootsMeaning of the roots in EnglishWords and Meanings
biolife, living matterGreekbiography– a life story written by another person;

biology – the science of life;

biosphere – Earth’s surface inhabited by living things

candglowing, iridescentLatincandid– free from bias, prejudice, or malice;

candle– something that gives light; incandescent– white, glowing, or luminous with intense heat

centr/o/icenterGreekegocentric – self-centered;

eccentric – not having a common center, not according to norm; centrifugal – moving outward from a center

cerebr/obrainLatincerebral – pertaining to the brain; cerebrate – to use the brain; cerebrospinal – pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
chron/otimeGreekchronic – lasting for a long time; chronological – arranging events in time order,

synchronize – happening at the same time

celerfastLatinaccelerate – to increase the speed of; decelerate – to reduce the speed of
circum,
circle
around, aboutLatincircumference– the  distance around ; circumscribe – to draw around; circumspect – looking around
claim, clamshout, speak outLatinclamour – to shout and make noise; exclaim – to loudly cry out suddenly;

proclamation – something announced officially in public

cide, cisecut, killLatinhomicide – murder;

incisor – a sharp tooth for cutting food; insecticide – a chemical used to kill insects

clineleanLatininclination – a leaning toward;

incline – a surface that slopes or leans; recline – to lean back and relax

caust,
caut
to burnLatin
Greek
cauterize – to burn with a hot instrument;

caustic – capable of burning or eating away;

holocaust – total devastation, especially by fire

clud, cluscloseLatinconclusion – the end or last part; exclusion – shutting out, rejecting; seclude – to keep away from; to isolate
cede,
ceed,
cess
go, yieldLatinexceed – to go beyond the limits; recede – to go back;

accessible – easily entered, approached, or obtained;

Coltogether, jointlyLatincollaborate – to work together; collision – smashing together;

colloquial – words formed by everyday interaction

capt, cept, ceivetake, holdLatinintercept – to stop or interrupt;

perceive – to take notice of something; captivating – taking hold of

corp/obodyLatincorporation – a company recognized by law as a single body;

corpse – a dead body;

corporal – pertaining to the body

cosm/ouniverseGreekcosmonaut – a Russian astronaut; cosmos – the universe;

microcosm – a miniature universe

cranioskullGreekcraniology – the study of skull characteristics;

 cranium – skull of vertebrates;

cranial – pertaining to the skull

credbelieveLatincredence – belief that something is true or valid;

credulous – believing things too easily, gullible;

incredible – unbelievable

cruccrossLatincrucial-characteristic of or having the form of a cross ;

 crucifix– the cross itself as a Christian emblem;

excruciating-  so intense as to cause great pain or anguish

cogn/iknowLatincognition – process of acquiring knowledge;

incognito – disguised so no one knows you;

 recognize – to discover that one knows

Word Roots Complete List

How should you learn using List of Root Words?

We hope the detailed list of root words provided to you really helped you in understanding, remembering and using the above mentioned list of word roots you can easily build up your word knowledge and enhance your vocabulary.